Saturday, April 14, 2012

Featured Video - Mystic Seaport's Tribute to Olin and Rod

Here's a nice video that's a tribute to Olin and Rod by Mystic Seaport Museum, called Simply Brilliant. Click here to access. I have mentioned it before but it's worth a look.

Design 2691 - 82' Pilothouse Sloop

This preliminary design was prepared in 2002. The design brief was for a modern looking pilothouse sloop but with no fixed windows in the sides or back of the pilothouse, just the ability to close in bad weather with side curtains (isenglass). The boat was to be built in composites.

Here is the general arrangement.

The guest accommodations was designed to accommodate six people, each cabin with a private head with separate shower stall. There is a day head at the forward end of the passage. The salon is raised above the engine and machinery space to a height so that a view out the windows is possible when seated on the settee. Forward of the salon are the crew’s quarters which are isolated forward of an amidships vestibule. The crew mess with navigation station, engine room access, and deck access is to port while the galley is to starboard. The Captain’s double cabin and the crew’s double bunk are forward port and starboard. A head with separate shower stall is forward and can be accessed by either cabin. The optional after portion was a charter boat option.

Principal Dimensions
LOA 82'-0"
LWL 68'-2"
Beam 19'-8"
Draft 8'-0"
Displacement 113,155 lbs

Friday, April 13, 2012

Design 370 - WWII Crash Boat

During World War II something on the order of 1,500 aircraft rescue boats (crash boats) were constructed in all kinds of sizes and configurations. S&S designed a handful. Crash boats were necessary for actual crashes due to failure or damage but also planes at that time simply didn't have the range they do today and many returning pilots fell short of their destination. The boats had to be fast and these little craft helped speed the development of all high speed small combatants.

I came across this one while doing some research. It was simply a proposal for a South American country that did not get built. You will note the derrick crane for lifting pilots into the boat and the arrangement of stretchers in the interior and also in the cockpit. The year was 1940.

I will post others in future postings.

LOA 51'-9"
LWL 49'-0"
Beam 12'-5"
Draft 5'-0"

Stephens Brothers Growing Up

Here is the home the Stephens brothers, Olin and Rod, grew up in at 146th Street and Walton Avenue in the Bronx, and before moving to Scarsdale. It appears it was within walking distance to the Stephens Coal facility on the Harlem River and next door to Consolidated Shipbuilding.

Thursday, April 12, 2012

Design 2568 - 67' LOA Motoryacht

This aluminum motoryacht was designed in 1990 but was never built. There's a lot packed into a compact package: Owner's stateroom plus 2 guest cabins and a captain's cabin, each with private head and separate showers. It's a nice layout.

Power was to be provided by twin GM12V92TA diesels rated at 1,080 hp each turning 40" diameter, 4-bladed propellers.

Here is the general arrangement plan.

Principal Characteristics
LOA 67'-0"
LWL 58'-9"
Beam 19'-0"
Draft 6'-0"
Displacement 115,068 lbs (light ship)

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Design 1710 - Cybele and the Swan 36

One-Off Cybele in Wood - Swan 36 Prototype
Built by Molich of Denmark

Design #1710 has to be the most utilized design in our collection. Numerous one-offs were built of wood as well as production models from various builders in fiberglass. The Gaia Class was built by the famous Italian builder Benello, building 19 boats to the design.

Additional boats were also built to this design with slight variations, such as the Sigma 36 Class (built by Cheoy Lee), Rumbuster and many more in both wood and fiberglass. In all I believe 60 boats were built to this design with slight variations, without counting the entire Swan 36 production run of 90 boats delivered.

Here's a fairly complete list of boats.

Regarding Swan, first a little background. The Swan 36 was the very first model for Nautor. Here's the story about the start of Nautor by the founder, Pekka Kostenkyla, in his own words.

How the Swans Were Born
by Pekka Koskenkyla
Founder of Nautor's Swan

It all started as a hobby. I grew up on the coast (Helsinki) and I have always had or wanted to have boats. My first vessel was a canoe, which I built myself in the evenings after school at the age of 14. In fact next year I built five of them for sale. Then nothing much happened in my boat building career for ten years because of school and university, where I majored in economics.

After graduation I wanted to have my own boat, so I started to build a wooden sailing boat of 11-meters. I worked in the evenings and weekends in my father-in-law's shed in Pietarsaari, where I had a job selling paper sacs. It took about 2 years to finish the boat and when it was almost complete a dentist from Helsinki wanted to buy it. I gave him a, what I thought, was a high price and he agreed. So I thought that boat building looked like an easy way to make money doing what I liked. I decided to start a yard.

The first step was to find a name and get drawings. The fact that I happened to think of SWAN was lucky, because I believe that this name and the connotations it implies was important for the success of the company. The other decision, which also turned out to be right and even more crucial to our success, was to choose S&S as designers.

My first thought had been to use the drawings of the boat that I was building, especially as it was just the right size I was looking for. An important factor in the overall length of the boat that I wanted to build was that any boats over 11-meters in LOA were exempt from VAT tax. This was of course a government concession made for the commercial fishermen and nobody had thought of yachts, because pleasure craft in Finland at the time were so small. A few years later this loophole was plugged.

The first boat that I built was designed by a local amateur naval architect and full time teacher of mathematics, Eivind Still. He was naturally disappointed, when I decided not to use his drawings, but Still later became quite well-known in Scandinavia with the many boats that he later designed. At the time I was so ignorant about this business and sailboats in general, that I did not know any yacht designers - not even the most famous. Therefore I went to the local yacht club in Pietarsaari and asked, who was the best designer in the world. I was told that it was Sparkman & Stephens.

I found their address from an old yachting magazine and wrote to the company to tell them, that I needed drawings of a sailboat about 11-12 meters long. No reply! That really was not so surprising, because I did not even have letterheads, let alone a company. I waited some more and then telephoned to their office in New York. I got Rod Stephens on the phone and he told me that by coincidence he was coming to Finland in a couple of weeks to inspect a wooden sailboat being built at the time. He said we could meet. Later I got a message from his client in Finland that he could see me at 6 o'clock in his hotel room in Helsinki. However I was not sure if that was in the morning or the evening and I could not reach Rod to verify, so I decided not to take a risk and went to his hotel at 6 AM. He was there waiting for me. He must have been impressed by my enthusiasm, because that was all I had to show for.

In any case, he gave me the drawings of a 36 feet sloop, which was to be marketed as the SWAN 36. Later he told me that they had been waiting for years for somebody to approach them to design a production boat in fiberglass, but I was in fact the first one to do so. A couple of years later a lot of builders were knocking on their door, but S&S were very loyal to us and did not give out competing designs. The drawings I received from Rod were of a boat already built in wood.

Later I have sometimes thought how was it possible that I got those drawings. Maybe Rod did not take me very seriously after all? When I came back to Pietarsaari I needed a suitable space in a hurry. Outside the town, far from the sea, there was an old brick building, which had been used to process hides (skins). It was empty and I was able to rent it at a very low rate. It needed some modifications like a much bigger door and heating etc., but we had a place to start. I appointed my first wife's uncle as a foreman and we started to hire people.

As I had already built one boat in the area I knew that there were many skillful joiners in the surrounding area of Pietarsaari. Many of them were part time farmers and eager to take a full time job, because their farms were so small that they could not sup-port them. In fact these people were busy only at harvest time during the summer. Many of these people had a small woodworking shop at home and they had been doing doors, window frames and furniture etc. to supplement their income.

These activities were, however, getting uneconomical, because more and more factories were producing these items on a mass production basis and thereby suppressing prices. The other category of workers I was able to hire were small individual boat builders. These were typically also small farmers or sometimes fishermen, who could not fish or farm during the winter because of ice and snow. Their boat building operation was family business, and most of them built wooden fishing boats, but there were some, notably the Branbacka family, who built pleasure boats to customers' orders.

If we go back to the history of Pietarsaari and the surrounding counties we find that this area was once one of the main ship building areas in Scandinavia. This was the era of wooden sailing ships during the time when Finland was part of Sweden. These mostly commercial vessels were built in amazing numbers and with amazing speed. In the Pietarsaari Museum there is more information about all this. In fact a few years ago they even built one vessel to these old drawings on a voluntary basis.

I have gone into all the above in more detail, because it is important to understand that the quality of the workers and their skills in the counties around Pietarsaari is something very special. If I had not had access to these kinds of people we would have failed, especially considering my lack of experience in business in general and running a yard in particular. Fortunately there was no shortage of these highly skilled and motivated people in the area.

We were like a family and run the business as such. One could either say that we had perfect industrial relations or that none of us had ever even heard about such a thing. There was one episode that comes to mind, when I think about the loyalty of our workers at that time. My very first delivery of the SWAN 36 was about to happen. This was the only wooden SWAN ever built. It was built in mahogany. The reason was that I thought we would save money this way, because a fiberglass mold needs a wooden plug and rather than build a plug and then destroy it, we decided take the mold off a real boat that could be sold. All went well except that when the hull mold was being made it cracked the planking of the wooden hull, because when the fiberglass and resin mixture hardens, it becomes very warm, which again dries the wooden hull underneath. These small cracks were repaired, but on a varnished surface they could still be seen.

My customer, a businessman from Helsinki, demanded a discount of his boat because of this. My situation, however, was very simple. If I did not immediately get the foil price in order to pay back a bank loan I would go broke. The customer did not want to hear. He insisted. He even ordered a trucking company to come and take the boat away from the yard. When he and his men with the big truck and the crane came, my men decided to stop the operation by physically blocking entry into the yard. As I had more men and they seemed to be more eager for a fight, my customer decided to pay in full.

The first year we built four boats, the wooden one, which we used for a plug and three fiberglass SWAN 36's. I was able to sell all of them at a very early stage. The most important factor for this initial success was not so much my honest looking face or the fantastic workforce we had, because we had nothing to show. It was the name and reputation of Sparkman & Stephens. It is difficult to understand now how superior in reputation they were compared to other yacht designers. There was only one best choice then. The name and reputation of S&S was built on the winning boats of their design in all ocean racing from the America's Cup, One Ton Cup, Admirals Cup, Cowes week etc. Most of the winners in these races were designed by S&S.

Then came Nautor from Finland, the first to produce S&S designed boats not only in series at a very reasonable price, but also in a new and stronger material than wood. On the top of that, the SWANs were lighter as well, and therefore had a better chance of winning races. Just to broaden the appeal to more potential buyers my sales argument was that because it was built of a lighter material we can afford to make the boat with a nice wooden interior and therefore appealing as a nice family cruising boat as well as a racing boat. This was the argument the racing minded sailor needed to convince his wife. The racing in those days was not as competitive, or rather, the boats were not as extreme racing machines as they are today, so it was in fact possible to win big time with a SWAN that looked like a family cruising boat with heavy teak interior.

Swan 36

Here are the plans.

The following is a very good design review that appeared in the Yachtsman magazine in 1967.

Principal Dimensions
LOA 36'-0"
LWL 25'-6"
Beam 9'-8"
Draft 6'-0"
Displacement 14,650 lbs
Ballast 7,440 lbs
Sail Area 545 sq ft

Tuesday, April 10, 2012

Design 438 - YP 180 (Conversion)

In 1942 the U.S. Navy commissioned us prepare the plans to convert a number of World War I subchasers (SC designation) to yard patrol boats (YP designation). YP 180 was originally built by Elco (Electric Launch Company) in 1918. She was one of 442 SC-1s, the 110-foot subchasers built during WWI, with designation SC-101 and named Fidus.

The conversion was done at Fyfe's Shipyard, Glenwood Landing, Long Island, New York. YP boats were used for coastal defense and also for naval training purposes. YP 180 operated with a complement of 2 officers and 18 crew.

Looking at the archives the following S&S design numbers were also YP conversions, all done in 1942: #425, #426, #427, #428, #429 and #440.

Here are the plans.

The boat was later converted into a fishing party boat operating out of Hoboken, New Jersey, and named Whitby III. She has since been scrapped (1970).

Principal Dimensions
LOA 110'-4"
LWL 106'-5"
Beam 14'-9"
Draft 6'-10"

Monday, April 9, 2012

2062-C1 - Sunbird II

As far as we can tell, the Endo Corporation of Japan was a 6-time repeat client, ordering 1/4, 1/2 and 1-tonner racing yachts in the early 1970s. Most of not all were built by the Kato Boat Company of Yokosuka City, Japan in either wood or fiberglass. Here we have the one-tonner Sunbird II. She was built of wood and launched in 1970. She is based on a very well utilized design, #2062, but with modifications (optimizations) to her rig, keel and rudder.

Here's a look at her shape.

Principal Dimensions
LOA 38'-7"
LWL 29'-7"
Beam 11'-5"
Draft 6'-6"
Displacement 17,903 lbs
Ballast 7,180 lbs

Sunday, April 8, 2012

More About Design 701 - L.P.T. Boat

We've posted about this P.T. boat before. This aerial image that shows her deck layout well.

Here she is running at +35 knots.

And some interesting interior images. This gives one a good sense of her no-nonsense accoutrements.

And finally a peek at the engine room. You can see 2 (starboard) out of those 4 big Packard engines.

I admit I'm a bit confused by the date on these images. Our records show the 2 P.T. boats were built in '46 and '47.